Guide to Standards

A Guide to Archival Standards

This series of 'introductions to archival standards' was published in ARC magazine between 2008 and 2011. It is retained here for reference, but has not been updated and should consequently be used with caution.

Archival Metadata Structure Standards

Metadata Structure Standards

Metadata Content Standards

Metadata Packaging Standards

Indexing Standards

  • Guidelines for the establishment and development of monolingual thesauri (ISO 2788)
  • Guidelines for the establishment and development of multilingual thesauri (ISO 5964)

Thesaurii and word lists

  • Australian Governments' Interactive Functions Thesaurus (AGIFT)
  • Integrated Public Sector Vocabulary (IPSV)
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH)
  • Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
  • UNESCO thesaurus
  • UKAT (UK Archival Thesaurus)

XML DTD and Schema

Interoperability Protocols

Digital Preservation

Reference Models and Frameworks

File Formats


  • Archival Resource Key (ARK)
  • ANSI/NISO Z39.84 Syntax for the Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
  • The Handle System
  • ISO 9834-8 UUIDs
  • PURLs

Security Standards